Recording and Publishing Data on our Wildlife



Swans, Geese, Ducks and Gamebirds

Mute Swan Cygnus olor
Uncommon breeding resident and common winter visitor with concentrations at Fleetwood and the Lune estuary.

Bewick's Swan Cygnus columbianus
Common but declining winter visitor. Some found with the Whoopers at Martin Mere but best seen on the Fylde.
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus
Common and increasing winter visitor. By far the major concentration occurring at Martin Mere WWT.
Bean Goose Anser fabilis
Uncommon winter visitor. Odd birds can occasionally be found amongst the throngs of Pink-feet with patience.
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus
Abundant winter visitor. Found in large concentrations from mid September to April on the mosses of west Lancashire.
White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
Uncommon winter visitor. Mostly Russian birds find there way to Lancashire but rarely are there double figures. Occasional Greenland birds turn up.
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus
Vagrant. Four records pre-1986. Since then there were a total of four birds all in 1991 seen at Martin Mere WWT, the Lune Estuary (2) and at various sites across the county.
Greylag Goose Anser anser
Scarce feral breeder and uncommon winter visitor. Main feral breeding populations at Leighton Moss and Martin Mere WWT.
Snow Goose Anser caerulescens
Vagrant. This species is seen most years but there is always some doubt over whether they are genuine wild birds.
Canada Goose Branta canadensis
Fairly common breeder and common winter visitor.
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis
Uncommon winter visitor and scarce feral breeder.
Brent Goose Branta bernicla
Uncommon winter visitor. Normally the dark-bellied race (bernicla) is recorded but there are occasional pale-bellied (hrota) individuals and once, a Black Brant (American/eastern Russian subspecies)
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca
Occasional escapes recorded.
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Rare visitor. These are usually considered as escapes.
ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Abundant winter visitor to the coast and estuaries. Fairly common breeder. Scarce in the east where it is an occasional breeder.
Mandarin Aix galericulata
Regular feral birds recorded, especially around Rufford.
Wigeon Anas penelope
Abundant winter visitor, especially on the Ribble Marshes. Fairly common on some reservoirs in the east.
American Wigeon Anas americana
Vagrant but becoming quite regular. Three records up to 1985 and then MMWWT had one in 1989, 3 in 1990, 2 in 1992 and one in 1993. Also singles at Seaforth in 1990, Carnforth Marsh in 1994, Marshside in 1996, Heysham in 1997 and Leighton Moss in 1998. In 1999 there was a single at Heysham and in 2000 there were three singles at Leighton moss, Marshside and Pilling. There were no records in 2001 but in 2002, drakes were present on the Ribble and Morecambe Bay.
Gadwall Anas strepera
Fairly common in winter when supplemented by immigrants. Rare in the east of the county. Scarce feral breeding populations especially in the south-west and north.
Teal Anas crecca
Abundant winter visitor in the west. Small flocks in the east. Scarce breeding bird.
Green-winged Teal Anas carolinensis
Rare winter visitor with most records from MMWWT and coastal sites though recently there have been a couple of records in the east of the county at Stocks Reservoir.
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Abundant winter visitor and common breeding resident.
Pintail Anas acuta
Common winter visitor to coasts, especially on the Ribble. Six breeding records.
Garganey Anas querquedula
Uncommon visitor on spring and autumn passage; rare in the east. Rare breeder. Vagrant in winter.
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
Vagrant. Two records up to 1985 and only one since at MMWWT in 1992.
Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common winter visitor to west and north of the county. Scarce breeder.
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Category D. A few birds recorded almost annually.

Pochard Aythya ferina
Common winter visitor. Rare breeder.

Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris
Vagrant. 2 records up to 1985, then 2 or 3 birds in the intervening period (regular returning or wandering individuals). There was a dearth of records in recent years but one at Rivington Reservoirs in 2003 broke the duck (sic).
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Vagrant. Several records with the latest being at MMWWT during the winter of 2003/4. Twelve records accepted so far with a couple still to be submitted.
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Common winter visitor, particularly to the south and west. Uncommon breeder.

Scaup Aythya marila
Uncommon winter visitor to coasts. Used to have large numbers of the Formby coastline but now much reduced. Regular winter flock at Seaforth and around the Lune Estuary. Occasional records inland.


Greater Scaup
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
Vagrant. First record at Dockacres/Pine Lake in 1994/5 and the second at Myerscough in Oct/Nov 2005.
Eider Somateria mollissima
Common winter visitor, especially to north Fylde. Uncommon in the south. Rare breeder. Very rare inland.
Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus
One old record pre-1985.
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
Uncommon winter visitor to coasts. Scarce on inland waters.
Common Scoter Melanitta nigra
Common in winter. Present all year off Blackpool and Formby. Scarce on inland waters.
Recent surveys show a large population on Shell Flat off Blackpool.

Black Scoter Melanitta americana
England's first record of one taken into care on 15th May 2007 and later released at Jenny Brown's Point.



Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata
Vagrant. One very old record when one was shot on the Ribble marshes in 1882. One record in recent times - a male for one afternoon at Mere Sands Wood in 2002.
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca
Uncommon in winter, often with Common Scoter flocks.
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Common winter visitor. Stronghold is Morecambe Bay. Former feral breeder at Mere Sands Wood from the mid 1980's to late 1990's.
Smew Mergellus albellus
Uncommon winter visitor.
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
Fairly common winter visitor to coasts. Commonest in the north. Scarce inland though regular at Stocks reservoir. Scarce breeder.
Goosander Mergus merganser
Fairly common winter visitor to the east. Uncommon on the coast and in the south-west. Uncommon breeder.
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
Fairly common post-breeding and winter visitor. Scarce and declining feral breeder.
Red Grouse Lagopus lagopus scotica
Fairly common breeding resident.
Red-legged Partridge Alectoris rufa
Fairly common breeding resident. Population supplemented by regular releases in most areas.
Grey Partridge Perdix perdix
Common but declining resident in the south and west
Quail Coturnix coturnix
Scarce summer visitor to lowland areas, occasional influxes.
Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
Abundant on or near keepered estates, fairly common elsewhere

Divers to Herons

Raptors to Rails


Skuas to Sandgrouse

Pigeons to Swallows

Warblers to Starlings

Thrushes to Buntings

Bittern by Tony Disley
  Lancashire and Cheshire Fauna Society
Registered Charity No 500685